Different Types of Hate Violence
Although not every type of hate violence act is considered criminal or illegal, they should all be reported to authorities.
What is a hate crime?
- A criminal act committed against a person or group of people who are targeted because of their actual or perceived race, ethnicity, skin color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability, gender, or sexual orientation.
- Evidence of bias can be direct or circumstantial and can occur before, during, or after the offense.
What is a criminal threat?
- A criminal offense where the perpetrator has threatened violence with spoken or written words against a specific person or group of people and causes reasonable and sustained fear.
- Does not have to be bias motivated.
What is a hate incident?
- Acts of prejudice that are not crimes and do not involve violence, threats, or property damage.
- Includes derogatory name calling, bullying, hate mail, and cross-burning, among other things.
What is hate speech?
- Offensive or hurtful words that are directed against a member of a protected class, but no direct threat is made.
- These are not hate crimes and are considered free speech.
What are protected classes?
- Religion (including religious dress and grooming practices)
- Sexual Orientation
- Age (0ver 40)
- National Origin
- These are the most known protected classes, but in California there are many more. Visit http://senate.ca.gov/content/protected-classes for more information.