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Hate Violence Prevention Partnership Los Angeles

Different Types of Hate Violence


Although not every type of hate violence act is considered criminal or illegal, they should all be reported to authorities.

What is a hate crime?

  • A criminal act committed against a person or group of people who are targeted because of their actual or perceived race, ethnicity, skin color, religion, ancestry, national origin, disability, gender, or sexual orientation.
  • Evidence of bias can be direct or circumstantial and can occur before, during, or after the offense.

What is a criminal threat?

  • A criminal offense where the perpetrator has threatened violence with spoken or written words against a specific person or group of people and causes reasonable and sustained fear.
  • Does not have to be bias motivated.

What is a hate incident?

  • Acts of prejudice that are not crimes and do not involve violence, threats, or property damage.
  • Includes derogatory name calling, bullying, hate mail, and cross-burning, among other things.

What is hate speech?

  • Offensive or hurtful words that are directed against a member of a protected class, but no direct threat is made.
  • These are not hate crimes and are considered free speech.

What are protected classes?

  • Race
  • Color
  • Religion (including religious dress and grooming practices)
  • Sex/Gender
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Disability
  • Age (0ver 40)
  • National Origin
  • These are the most known protected classes, but in California there are many more. Visit for more information.